LEG X FRET
Make Roma Great Again
ru | en

History of the Ancient Russian movement

Attention! The text below was auto-translated from Russian. You can switch the site language to Russian to see the text in its original language or wait until it is fully translated.

"Yes, my dear fellow Miletes and just the most worthy Quirits, time is running inexorably, and it is time for me, as the oldest participant in our common cause, who is still in the ranks of the iron Roman legions of Ruthenia, to remember a lot. Fortunately, since February 23, 1991, a lot of water has flowed away, and our club, and with it the entire ancient movement of Russia, has a long history worthy of mention! " - Sergey Italiysky (Evseenkov S. Yu.), one of the founders of the ancient movement of Russia.

P.S. Ruthenia is the slang name of Russia, as one of the provinces of the Roman Empire under the "Roman historian Tacitus".

Here you will find unique information about the history of the ancient movement in Russia. Do you want to know how it all started? What did the first Russian reconstruction of a Roman Helmet look like? How did the idea of the ancient Roman Club come about? Where and how did the first maneuvers take place? Then enjoy watching it!

Evseenkov S. Yu. - one of the founders of the ancient movement of Russia

The first Legio X Fretensis collection

What can motivate people to do reconstruction? Today, as a rule, many people get into the movement through friends or learning from media sources about reconstruction clubs. But what can motivate people if there are no such sources like the Internet that we are familiar with, but also the clubs themselves that deal with your favorite era?

The answer, as expected, is on the surface-love for the era, warm hearts and a lot of enthusiasm to do something. For some, the prerequisites for taking up Rome seriously were hobbies from childhood, for others-film productions and books. It all started with a little thing-with the popular 1:72 miniatures at that time-long before 1991. But very little time passed, and everyone wanted to experience the greatness of Rome in full, and several enthusiasts began their difficult path of reenactors, and February 23, 1991 was marked as the birthday of the club, and the entire Roman ancient movement in Russia.

First Legio X Fretensis meeting, mid-February 1991. The photo shows-From Left to right: Evseenkov Sergey Yuryevich, Surin Nikolay, Chipux Kirill, Ivanov Fedor and Gorets Alexander Valeryevich

Sources and the first combat review

In the early nineties, access to archaeological data was much more difficult than it is today. In the information age of the Internet, where within 5 minutes you can conduct a superficial search on any issue. The main source of information was books with publications of archaeological excavations. There was no established knowledge base for reconstructing the antique kit. The lack of information sometimes led to inaccuracies in reproduction. But this did not stop enthusiasts who constantly worked on their mistakes and promoted the ancient movement in Russia.

April 1993, school 323 of the Nevsky district of St. Petersburg, inner courtyard. The first combat review "Legio X Fretensis". The photos show the first reconstructions in Russia of a tunic, an imperial Gali helmet, a Pompeii-type gladius, a kaliq (shoe )and a hiking bag.

The first reenactor in Russia to collect the minimum set of legionnaires

First field output

May 1994. The first field appearance of the Tenth Legion, and in combination - the first Roman maneuvers of the Ancient Movement of Russia. Dean of the guard Yaroslav Fedorov leads a patrol of two velits of Viktor Efremov's squad.

The Tenth Legion was growing rapidly. Even then, they began to think about more interesting images of the Roman army than just legionnaires. The idea was a centurion and a legate. People collected their kits at different speeds, as well as now, depending on their enthusiasm and capabilities. He was not enough, and soon the first "Feathered" Roman image was recreated-the centurion. According to the stereotypes of that time (and even now), the main difference between a centurion and an ordinary legionnaire is the presence of a"crest". Nowadays, if you have a sufficient knowledge base, errors in the image are immediately noticeable - on bas-reliefs, combinations of lorica segmentata together with a poddospeshnik, and even with fringe at the same time, long sleeves of a tunic and bracers are extremely rare. However, the image of the first Russian centurion is unmistakably determined at first glance.

The first Roman military camp

This time we will recall the first attempts in Russia to make a Roman military camp. And it happened in the summer of 1994. Finally, the color photographs show the military camp "Alexandria Lembolovskaya" Legio X Fretensis.

Now the issue of digging trenches has been raised again during such major modern events as the maneuvers in Khotkovo and the Crimean Military History Festival. As they say - everything is new, it is well forgotten old. Enthusiasts in the forest around the perimeter dug a trench and made a rampart around the camp. Of course, the contents of the camp - at that time was not the most "correct", but the work done-you can only admire! Even today, few people are ready to manually reproduce such defensive structures on maneuvers!

After the construction of the camp, the issue of its protection arose. A Roman army after all! Thus, the question of sentry and code words instantly appeared. The glorious tradition of sentries and patrols during events in the presence of a military camp is still preserved in our club!

Thumbnails

As mentioned earlier, 1991 was only the beginning of the reenactors ' journey in the usual sense of the word for us. Before that, the club existed as a group of people who were passionate about history and tried to somehow immerse themselves in the magnificent Grandeur of Rome. The first test in this case was "soldier games", and at the initial stage they were "cardboard armies" in the literal sense of these words. Much later, in the early 90's, in addition to the development of reconstructions, miniatures, of course, also on Ancient Rome, began to actively develop as one of the club's areas. Games quickly became popular, and soon became one of the favorite hobbies of the Legio X Fretensis club

The photos are from 1995-1996

The" golden Age " of the Tenth Legion miniatures can rightly be considered the beginning of the 2000s. In 2002, the "Rules of Types" were released, the author's domestic full-fledged balanced game system was created, and numerous tournaments and campaigns were held. A huge model range of antique-themed soldiers was created. It seemed that the now well-known Warhammer board game series was just around the corner, but such grandiose plans were not destined to come true...

After the rapid growth of the club's miniature direction, a sharp decline in general interest began at the end of the first decade of the 2000s. This system took too much effort from enthusiasts. This coincided with a decline in interest in historical domestic "wargames" throughout the country and among other eras, giving way in narrow circles to other foreign systems, outside of historical settings. Over time, the Tenth Legion delved deeply into its own reconstruction, and thousands of (in the truest sense of the word) armies went to collector's rest, occasionally showing themselves in battle to this day.

Second half of the 1990s

Everyone strives for variety and entourage, and the Tenth Legion is no exception. At that time, everything was new: armor, helmets, training, fights. But I wanted not only to conduct forest maneuvers for myself, but also to immerse myself more in the era, using other locations as well. We began to stare at the half-abandoned fortresses. The first of these was Koporje, where Roman maneuvers were first conducted in the midst of tactical fortifications.

May 1995. In the first photo: Fyodorovich Yaroslav, Evseenkov Sergey (Sergiy Italiysky), Evseenkov Yuri Alexandrovich-venerable vexillarius " Legio X Fretensis "(puts on a helmet before a fight).

The First Ancient Roman Festival

At first, the club held private events "for themselves" (I think many readers are familiar with this format), but over time I wanted to "bring antiquity to the masses". However,such a closed format is not suitable for this purpose. So the idea to hold the first festival, called "Meetings on Ladoga", was born. This was the first mass event coordinated with various administrations, which in itself was a solid achievement.

The Tenth Legion organized demonstration combat maneuvers, storming of battle fortifications and other performances that were included in the festival program of ancient clubs and are still popular today.

1996, mid-July. Ancient festival "Meetings on Ladoga" (1-2). Legio X Fretensis

Unfortunately, the festival did not go as smoothly as we would have liked. Solid by the standards of that time, the success of the event was overshadowed by the first serious injury.

Just like today, iron battles in various formats were popular among Roman reenactors. And they fought not just with ordinary targets, but with real "Murusam" and other defensive formations. Alexander Viktorovich Kostyrya (in the Roman world of Fabius) during the next combat meeting on maneuvers, he received a through wound in the arm.

Interview with an eyewitness of the events, Evseenkov S. Yu. (Sergiy Italiysky) :

"Everything happened on the shore of Lake Ladoga, during the shooting of a separate staged part for St. Petersburg television. I warned the Mountaineer that the sand is dangerous - it's not the ground, he said, they say, it's fine, only it will fall more gently. And then, during the final general battle, Maxim Zykov, the auxiliary, made a swing with a saw, slid across the sand and put his body into the blow with a blunt sharpened to 16 mm, piercing Alexander Kostyre (Fabia) 's hand through! Fabius pulled the saw out of his hand and continued the fight (!), at the end of which I ran to the camp in full armor, called the medics and drank water... As a result, I planted my health... It was necessary to walk a couple of laps around the stadium, but I thought it would be fine. Kostyrya received blood poisoning. After this incident, due to family reasons, it became much more difficult for him to deal with Rome. This is how the first battle wound in the history of the ancient Russian movement happened."

Since then, the Tenth Legion has always put the health of its members first, and the issue of humanization has received special attention.

Alexander Kostyrya (Fabiy) at the festival "Meetings on Ladoga"

Roman Aalen Day Festival

1998 turned out to be a very difficult year for the club members: a crisis began in Russia, and there was not enough money, to put it mildly. But that didn't stop him from doing one of the craziest things at that time - going to Germany for the Aalenian Antique Festival. This trip was inspired by the usual video tape (in the pre-Internet era, they were a very valuable source of information) about the Roman reconstruction in the city of Aalen, presented in the last photo. And in September 1998, we managed to make the first club trip abroad - to Germany.

This trip was not just about participating in the Aalen Festival itself. It was an important, first exchange of experience with foreign reenactors (such as A. Zimmermann). In the West, the phenomenon of ancient reconstruction is much more widespread than in our country. This is partly due to the fact that the reconstruction movement itself has existed there for much longer, but the main influence is exerted by the cultural and historical connection, which is naturally stronger there. So this, in many ways insane trip had a significant impact on the development of the ancient movement in Russia. And she made one very important point clear: no matter how dire the situation is. Dreams are feasible. The main thing is to want and start doing it.

In the first three photos: Saalsburg Castle. Filming of the documentary feature film "Roman Limes District" by the CDF TV channel.

Antiquity in Belarus

Antiquity made its first steps on the Belarusian land in July 1998. The medieval festival in Mir Castle was chosen as a springboard for distribution. Rome in this event looked like a "red crow", but nevertheless, it was one of the first close contacts of antiquity with other eras, which largely set the style of holding multi-echo events.

In the photo in the lower left corner: Alexander Gorets and Vladimir Sipinsky (in the Roman world of Valens) among the participants of the Medieval Festival.

"Samson-Hercules-Hercules"

The ninety-ninth year was marked by an increase in the popularization of the ancient movement. The club began to be recognized, even if not in such wide circles as we would like. A new stage of development was the cooperation with Peterhof, which included the Samson-Hercules-Hercules Festival in August 1999.

The partnership with Peterhof proved to be very fruitful. One of the main achievements is organizing not a single event, but an annual series. As you know, the main key to successful development of any event is its repeatability from year to year, on the same site. This makes it possible both to work out the organization of the event itself, and to make the project more attractive for tourists. The Samson-Hercules-Hercules festival series, which began in 1999, has been successfully held for several years.

"The tin soldier is serious!"

Another event in which the Tenth Legion took an active part, and which was held for several years - " Tin Soldier-this is serious!". At that time (2001-2002), the club was still very popular in the battle types on tin soldiers, so participation in such events was very interesting. This interactive exhibition showed the equipment of the Roman army, elements of peaceful life, demonstration battles - in general, everything that we love so much! Especially noteworthy is the first authentic Roman tent in Russia, which was shown for the first time at this event (last photo).

The first photo shows: Ozhiganov O., Kostrov E., Fedorov Ya., Gryaznov D., Ksenia

Public events of the beginning of the two thousandth

At the beginning of the noughties, the Legion actively worked with public organizations of various orders. And in 2000-2002 he took part in such events as" Tokay Wine Festival"," Bread Festival"," Levretki-II","City Day Procession 2001".

Aquila of the Tenth Legion

And now we come to the appearance of the main symbol of any legion. This shrine of war soars proudly over armies, inspiring them to perform feats of valor. And the loss of this priceless treasure marked the dissolution of the Legion. We are talking, of course, about Aquila-the Golden Eagle. And on September 15, 2004, our club received this fundamental symbol of war and the greatness of Rome. And Yaroslav Fedorov became its first carrier (aquilifer).

The story of Evseenkov S. Yu. "The history of our valiant Aquila was lucrative in its own way, our unique artifact was born (it was designed based on the book "Greece and Rome in wars" by Peter Conelly) the proud eagle was molded from sculptural clay of domestic production, which made it very difficult to form it later by Ogarkov Valera, a great master of his craft - in the form of a half-finished master model, he was he was molded, one famous sculptor from the cult studio of military-historical miniatures "Russian Knight". Aquila was completed in 1999, and lay for more than one year in "special storage". At Yaroslav Fyodorov's, until I was able to organize his birth (molding and casting) in the STANNY CAST corporation. In addition, some parts were created under my personal supervision by the sculptor Sergey Pasukhin"

The first "Antique Blacksmith"

In addition to the organization of personnel and events themselves, the history of reenactment clubs is not the least important for masters who are ready to work together with club members to do research work, trying something new for themselves. The first such blacksmith for the ancient movement was Alexander Timofeev. His first works date back to 1992. During his active career, he produced many artifacts, including the first Torex (anatomical armor) in Russia. The photo shows the year 2002, June. Presentation of the Pathfinder magazine at the Ice Palace book fair.

The founders of Russian antique reconstruction

In addition to the legion itself, which is already quite old enough to write a whole story, there are people whose stories are directly related to the club, and no less long and interesting. And today we will tell you about one of them, whose name has long since begun to evoke a direct association with both the Tenth Legion and Antiquity. We are talking about one of the founders of the Ancient Movement of Russia - Sergius of Italy (Evseenkov Sergey Yuryevich). Having been in the club since its foundation, he was one of the leaders of the Tenth Legion for a long time. I started out as an ordinary legionnaire, but I didn't sit in the same place in the reproduction of historical images. In the" military hierarchy " of the legion, Sergius of Italy has come a long way, having been both an option and a centurion, and now he has risen to the highest possible rank - Legate. But despite this, he always notes that his favorite object of reconstruction has always been and will always be - centurion.

S. Y. Evseenkova's contribution to the ancient movement is difficult to overestimate. For a long time, he was the main enthusiast, inspiring many to engage in reconstruction and overcome difficulties. But it is not just the reconstruction of the Roman army that can characterize his contribution. At various times, he organized civil movement, ancient theater, and even organized ancient rites, becoming a priest. And this legendary man is still in the ranks, even if not as active as he once was. The only one who ever started a movement. and he showed himself at the Times and Epochs taking place on June 9-11-antiquity. Barra!

Unfortunately, in a story that goes on and develops for quite a long time, sometimes irreversible sad events also occur. And today we will tell you about one extremely important person in the history of the club, who, alas, is not with us – Dmitry Gilgov.

Interview with Evseenkov S. Yu.

"Dmitry was the head of the FREE BAND club, one of the graduates of my school introduced me to him. He was fond of Early Rus ' Varangians and Novgorod Ushkuyniki.

In fact, he had a double membership, being the head of a FREE band, he was also a member of our club, paid dues and even later was in senior positions with us.

Its main merit is the organization of maneuvers... The free band built over our camp (it was called "Alexandria Lembolovskaya"), a sort of log cabin: a gatehouse tower, this became the main training ground for battles with the Band! A few dates related to his turbulent activities in the Tenth Legion: He created the Auxilia Division around 2001.

Subsequently, due to health problems, he retired from active reenactment activities and began to engage in theater-he traveled to venues called "Mr. Peugeot Theater".

In the first photo: Yaroslav Fedorov, Dmitry Gilgov, Sergey Evseenkov

Another of the most important members of the club, who were at the origins of reconstruction, is Yaroslav Fedorov - the first aquilifera of Russia, who at one time set a new bar in the civil Roman reconstruction.

Yaroslav's acquaintance with the club began in November 1993. " I came by the ad that hung in the DVK. It was November 1993. There were Sergey Evseenkov, Alexander Gorets and another blacksmith, Alexander Timofeev. On the table was a Cassius, as well as some other medieval helmet" - Yaroslav's first memory of the club.

It was there that one of the most important acquaintances began, both for the club and for the entire movement. From that moment on, Yaroslav began his career as a reenactor. Starting as a legionnaire, he participated in a considerable number of campaigns and battles. Over the years, he has shown himself to be an excellent reenactor, organizer and just a reliable person. And through the military hierarchy of the club, he rose first to the standard-bearer, and then, becoming one of those who created the Legion's shrine - the eagle, aquilifer. It was he, like no one else at that time, who devoted himself to one of the main reconstructive paths – the study of sources, which was very problematic due to the complete absence of the Internet. Yaroslav became the initiator of the club's most ambitious trip in the 90's: to the historical festival in Aalen (Germany), where he was able to learn and implement a lot in terms of the "reconstructive ancient school" already in Russia and, thereby, contributed to the creation of the legion library and the general transfer of knowledge. After Aalen, he also actively engaged in the formation of the domestic part and the civil direction of the ancient movement in Russia. He did not bypass such an important part of ancient culture as religion, becoming the first pontiff (priest). Based on the knowledge gained in Germany, he set about creating Roman military equipment, but it did not work out, and this project was implemented only after more than 10 years by the current active members of the club.

Legates-representatives of the highest officers of the Roman army-are currently a very popular image in the vast expanses of the Ancient Movement in Russia. But, like everything else, there is always a beginning, the moment when this image was first reproduced. The first Legate of Russia was Alexander Gorets , one of the founders of the Tenth Legion.

Being one of those who first caught fire with antiquity in Russia, Alexander began to work actively not only on recruiting new club members and developing their kits, but also on developing the knowledge base and physical training. Since 1992, club meetings between events have begun to take on the form familiar to modern Military-Historical clubs - active lecture work and heavy physical training. All this contributed to the development of club members not only externally, but also internally. And, as many people know, this is the foundation for promoting club activities.

"Alexander was a wonderful and charismatic leader, able to take the initiative and take responsibility for his failures and mistakes" (Sergiy Italiysky).

Over time, Alexander's interest shifted towards journalism and archeology, and he increasingly withdrew from business, working on the Parabellum magazine, which was originally a club business.

The crisis of the Antique Movement in 2002

After the incredible nineties and a virtual monopoly on antiquity, the Tenth Legion has fallen on hard times. After successful attempts at commercial activity and registration of the club as a legal entity, many new problems arose that the club members did not even think about. Miniatures and cooperation with Peterhof and other administrative resources were doing very well. So there was an important question that arises sooner or later for any successful club – what to do next and what steppe to go deep into, how to relate reconstruction and commerce? Everyone found the answers to these and other questions for themselves, which eventually led first to the formation of two camps, and then to a split within the club, which peaked in September 2002, during the "Tin Soldier is Serious"event.

Over time, some of the active members left the Tenth Legion, founding one of the most famous clubs in antiquity, even today – the Fifth Macedonian Legion. For the Tenth, the era of stagnation and decline began, which lasted almost 10 years. But fortunately, the ancient movement suffered much less than the Tenth itself - new clubs began to appear, partially taking up the "baton of antiquity".

The following years only became more difficult for the "Tenth". Staff turnover increased, and the activities of those on whom everything was based shifted more and more towards publishing historical magazines and military miniatures. One of the biggest classical events at that time was the Vyborg Castle Festival in 2005. There was no update of personnel, while a large number of people who were engaged in reconstruction for many years were overtaken by the"wedding plague". I think that many of any reenactment eras are painfully familiar with the cases of "married - dropped out of the hobby". In the end, due to the extreme lack of activity, the Tenth Legion was nicknamed the "Ghost Legion"for a long time.

New reconstruction clubs of the 2000s

The Fifth Macedonian Legion

Moving on through the history of the ancient movement further, it is impossible not to mention other ancient clubs. Some of them, having appeared brightly, left a trace and disappeared, while others continue their activities to this day. One of these clubs is the Fifth Macedonian Legion, founded by former members of the Tenth Legion that Crushed in the Strait in September 2002. The first head of the club was Maria Gryaznova, and after her the baton was taken over by Oleg Ozhiganov, who still holds a senior position today. Thanks to the experience gained earlier and a fresh look at the situation of ancient reconstruction, the Fifth Legion managed to make a qualitative breakthrough as a club and effectively carry out its activities on the territory of St. Petersburg. During their existence, they brought a lot of new things to the movement-from throwing combat vehicles and local events, to trips abroad. The Fifth Legion took part in festivals in Italy and Poland. He does not forget about the peaceful aspects – this is how they achieved success in ancient dances and recreating Fayum Portraits.

VIC "Second Mattiakian Cohort-Equitata"

One of the largest clubs, at the time of the end of the 2000s, can rightly be considered the Second Mattiakian cohort-Equitata (Moscow). They started their activity at the end of 2006, quickly gaining popularity and strength. The total number of the club was more than 20 people at the time of the club's heyday, and the main thing that they brought to the Ancient Movement of Russia is the Roman Fort, which has become a favorite maneuvering ground for many. The Mattiakians launched their activities not only on the territory of Moscow, but also beyond its borders.

Recollection of the Mattiakian Cohort leader, Aj Navarski: "The main message to the beginning of the study of antiquity was the well-known TV series Rome, recently released at that time. At the same time, the comrades sent a couple of photos from St. Petersburg from the Fifth Legion. Partly because of this, a group of recons and roleplayers gathered and quickly decided to make a club and join antiquity. We didn't waste any time, in six months we created a full uniform for 7 people, found masters, issued technical specifications based on books, and off we went. We made 3 of our own festivals, large for those times, "Guardians of Limes", the most successful, perhaps, was the second-a real fortress plus good interesting war scenarios."

Mattiakians made a great contribution to the development of the ancient movement in Moscow, setting new standards for the quality of events.

VIC "Gotsky Put"

The years 2002-2010 can safely be called the second wind of the ancient movement, when a variety of ancient clubs began to appear, not only on Roman themes. One of the first such clubs, for which antiquity was primarily not the Empire of the Eternal City, but the fierce Germanic tribes, was the Gotha Way VIC. The club's birthday is considered to be May 12, 2006, when two members of the club took part in a speech to students of Lyceum No. 395 of the Krasnoselsky district of St. Petersburg at an open History lesson at the invitation of the teaching staff. The name of the Gotha Way Club comes from the eponymous work of Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, corresponding member of the German Archaeological Institute Mark Borisovich Shchukin - a Saint Petersburg legend of archeology, a kind spiritual mentor of the Gotha Way.

Evgeny Tkachenko, a member of the Gotha Way club, on the beginning of his club's journey: "The founders of the club, as far as I remember, were Mikhail Borodulin and Danila Gryaznov. Personally, I was interested in antiquity from the school curriculum. Originally Rome. By the way, I wrote a letter to some dead site of the Tenth Legion, I wanted to join. Then, at some event, I approached the "Macedonians". At that time, I already had a Germanic spata and was already interested in barbarian tribes. So I went to Danila Gryaznov to make barbarians at the Fifth Macedonian. Then we grew into a separate club. I was originally engaged in the reconstruction of ducks. But then I decided to still be like everyone else and changed into a German of the 1-2 century AD. One of the most memorable events in the history of the club is the Times and Epochs of 2015."

During 2007, the club's personnel took part in events as part of the historical reconstruction club "Legio V Macedonica", which made a great contribution to the formation of the German Club. Since the end of 2007, the Gotsky Put VIC club has been fully formed as an independent team. Over time, the club has significantly lost in number, but has grown in quality, as time has eliminated first of all those who were not interested in antiquity as an era.

Not a single Rome is famous for antiquity. Over time, the movement began to grow not only in depth, but also in breadth. So, in 2009, the first Greek reconstruction club in Russia appeared – Anabasis. The main founders were the current head of the club, Andrey Lovchikov, and his colleague Anatoly Burkov. The "Mars Games" organized by the Fifth Legion became the starting point for the long journey of the ancient peoples. The main subject of reconstruction was the Ancient Greek Bosporan Kingdom of the 4th century BC. This made the ancient movement itself in Russia more complete, because at that time the dominant segment of the era was (and still is) Ancient Rome, and in second place were small groups of Celts/Germans. At the same time, the Greek Poleis, which were not represented in Russia in any way, were for many centuries decisive in the development of culture and military affairs of the ancient world.

Having filled in this gap, Anabasis also took up other areas – one of the most striking of which is the Celtic tribes, which also left a significant mark on history. For many years, the club has been actively operating in the European part of Russia (St. Petersburg, Moscow), taking part, among other things, in such a famous event as Times and Epochs. They are also engaged not only in participating, but also in their own organization of events. So, every year one of the favorite events in the style of incessant combat maneuvers takes place - the Iron River (formerly Lembolopolis), which has become a favorite for many ancient people.

"The Faithful and Pious XI Legion of Claudius"

Nowadays, the 11th Legion is known in reenactor circles mainly as the young Moscow club. And few people remember that in 2008 the club with this name was created in St. Petersburg. Under the leadership of Alexander Osipov, he was engaged in the reconstruction of the IV cohort of Legio XI Claudia Pia Fidelis. The choice for the XI Legion fell because of the place of its service-sunny Crimea. Finds from the Roman camp of Vindonissa are used as the main source. Reconstruction period: the end of the first century AD.

The goal of the club was to recreate the appearance of legionnaires and auxiliaries with their ammunition, clothing, weapons, attract people who want to engage in civil reconstruction, as well as simulate the everyday life of peaceful life, campaigns and military operations, and participate in" living-history " festivals. Moreover, it was planned to strictly match the selected geography of finds. The biggest events that the club took part in were the Seven Epochs multi-festival, Pushkin City Day, and Museum Night at the St. Petersburg Artillery Museum. Unfortunately, the club didn't last long. And after more than 5 years since the cessation of activity, its remnants joined the ranks of the Tenth Legion.

For more information about the club's past activities, please visit: http://legioxi-cl-p-f.3dn.ru/

Sixth Iron Legion

The first Decade of the third millennium is also rich in Moscow antique clubs. So on December 6, 2009 "Legio VI Ferrata"was formed. Interestingly , its founders are a group of reenactors of one of the oldest military-historical clubs in Russia – the Moscow Dragoon Regiment. The historical period reconstructed by the Legio VI Ferrata club was designated as the middle of the first and beginning of the second centuries AD.

In 2010-2011, the recruitment of Tyron recruits began. They were both experienced reenactors of other eras, and people who first came to military reconstruction. All of them were united by their interest in the great past of the army of ancient Rome.

On June 6, 2011, the legionnaires of the Sixth Legion took to the field for the first time as part of the Guardians of Limes 2 festival organized by the Cohors II Mattiacorum (equitata) club. From this moment until today, the Legio VI Ferrata club takes an active part in a wide variety of military and historical events related to the reconstruction of the army of ancient Rome.

All this time, the knowledge base is being updated, research is being conducted on a number of historical issues, work is underway to correct, improve and increase the club's material base, and training is being conducted – a legionnaire simply has to learn combat drill.

Soon antiquity began to penetrate deep into the Russian territories, reaching Nizhny Novgorod. One of the main enthusiasts of the club, Maxim Sakulin, was inspired by the Roman world after attending the events of the II Mattiac Cohort and V Macedonian Legion in 2009. A year later, he founded a club based on the role-playing koteria "Iron Lightning", which represented Roman stylizers. By inheritance, the word "lightning "passed to a new organization, which took the name "XII Lightning Legion". Initially, the club consisted of only three people: Maxim Sakulin himself, Konstantin Savkin and the captain of the koteria Andrey Panshin, who was immediately proclaimed a legate. Since initially they did not plan to expand much in terms of the number of people, the main subject of reconstruction was a throwing machine with maintenance personnel. In the same year, the first ballista was created. Since then, a diligent student of Vitruvius has created more than a dozen active throwing machines.

More than 5 years passed between the foundation of the club and the beginning of its active activity. During this time, there was an increase in the material base and work with sources. For the first time, the XII Lightning loudly announced itself in 2015, at the festival " Times and Epochs. Antiquity". He took an active part in the peaceful and civil program of the festival, showing his accumulated experience and strength. More than 20 people, both legionnaires and auxiliaries, including the command group, took part on the side of Rome.

The Twelfth Legion, despite its distance from the European region of Russia, where the main events related to antiquity take place, actively participates in the life of the movement. The club constantly participates in events in St. Petersburg and Moscow. But the fighters do not forget about their native lands: the most important event was the launch of the Pax Romana Living History Park project. Its opening was supported by the best reenactment clubs in Russia.

Recontourism

Today, such a direction as recontourism (visiting historical sites in authentic sets of the corresponding era) is becoming very popular. This makes it possible to combine a classic holiday with an immersion in the era, which in turn is an important part of the reconstruction. For antiquity, starting in 2010 on the territory of Greece, interest in visiting historical sites has always grown. And now it has taken on a more familiar, well-organized and mass character. What is especially pleasant is that such tourism has become possible in the domestic territories – Chersonesos is particularly popular among members of the ancient movement.

Antique Theater

Another area of activity that is currently developing quite actively in the ancient movement is theater. The first staged experience of the Tenth Legion was Plautus ' The Boastful Warrior. It was quite a large-scale production (its duration was 40 minutes, and about 20 actors were involved).

After analyzing all the difficulties of the first experiment, Aesop's fables were chosen for the next production. Their main advantage was that they are small instructive stories that are connected to each other only by a few main characters.

The first ancient competitive disciplines

The first ancient competitive disciplines

The first steps to creating competitive disciplines were made in 1999, at the maneuvers in Lembolovo. Even then, there was an idea of fighting in a confined space. But the concept used was not a "bridge" or "corral", but a "trench". In the future, this type of competition ceased to develop. And relatively recently, such battles in a confined space were revived in the form of 9v9 battles, also developed in the Tenth Legion.

Below are the first rules of fights created by Highlander Alexander Valeryevich.

1. GENERAL PROVISIONS A training battle (UTB) is conducted in a trench 1.5 m deep and 1.5-2 m wide, which makes it possible to build in rows of two. UTB simulates ancient hand-to-hand combat in a dense, including deep, formation. The trench is necessary to maintain the formation with a small number of participants on each side.

2. RULES The battle begins and ends at the legate's command. In the event of a noticeable injury to one of the participants, the fight immediately stops, even without a team. UTB is conducted using real armor and wooden (approximately equal in weight to combat) weapons. In combat, it is allowed to: -deal slashing blows with a sword, - stab with a sword and a spear with a protector, except for blows to the head and neck, - push and hit with a shield, excluding chopping movements with the shield rim. - In trench combat, shooting and throwing are prohibited - not only because of the increased danger of such actions in close combat, but also because of their uselessness in the reconstruction of close combat in a closed formation, and in order to avoid spraying people into the roles of archers, javelin throwers, and so on. - If the enemy team is pushed out of the trench-a clear victory for the entire squad. - An individual warrior is killed if they miss a 10-point hit.. Arm - 3 points, leg-5 points, torso or head-7 points. The victim can only defend himself or withdraw from the battle, retreating to the back row shouting " killed!".

A new round of development

History does not stand still. It moves inexorably forward, regardless of people's wishes. So today we will begin to talk about those people without whom the current face of the Tenth Legion is impossible to imagine. All of them came to the club not at the best of times. After the deplorable downtime of 2002-2010, the Tenth received the nickname Legion Ghost because of the small number of personnel engaged directly in reenactment activities, low activity and obsolete props. And only Sergiy Italiysky continued to believe in the return of the club's leading positions in ancient reconstruction, inspired by the main eternal symbol of the legion-the Aquila. After all, while the Eagle towers over the legion, all is not lost. And in the future, we will tell you about those who gave the Tenth Legion a "second wind".

Alexander Bagerman. Josephus Alexander Flavius

The first person who started the Tenth Legion's revival was Alexander Bagerman. His acquaintance with ancient reconstruction began in 2011, and, oddly enough, not with the "Tenth Legion" but with their followers - the "Fifth Macedonian Legion". As a school teacher, Alexander conducted open interactive school lessons. And eventually I got to the lessons on antiquity, wanting to invite reenactors again. Having initially joined the Macedonian Legion and failed to agree on a course, Alexander continued his search. Then fate led him to the "Tenth Legion" in the person of Sergius of Italy. As in the best literary traditions, in response to the request for help with classes, the following was said:: "We will help you for free and without charge, at the highest level. But with one condition - you will join the Tenth Legion."..

Alexander's memories of getting to know the club and its first event:

"Sergiy, who then worked at 634 schools in the Primorsky district, spoke to me on the phone and invited me to his school. He showed me the legionnaires ' weapons and clothing, which are now stored in his museum, and I saw everything, lit up and asked what I needed to show these things in my history lesson on Rome at school. He said you should be a member of the Tenth Shattering Legion club. So I joined the club. At the time, I only looked closely and thought that it would be for a short time, for the sake of work, but gradually the reconstruction of Ancient Rome became my hobby and a second life outside of work.

During my time at the club, our club has changed: from small and isolated from others, to growing and gaining power now, as well as ready and willing to compromise and cooperate with other clubs. Because of my main job, I don't often go to festivals, but I remember the ones I visited. My first festival, which I attended as a reenactor, I remember for the rest of my life - "Guardians of Limes". They were organized by the now-defunct Second Mattiakian Cohort."

Despite the apparent frivolity of this proposal, Alexander was not confused, and he actively engaged in club activities. At first, I started buying up all the props that I could find, and I put together my first reenactment image - a legionnaire. But the legion needed a banner to gather its people. So that the symbol of the Tenth once again rises above the shoulders of the brotherhood. So he was promoted first to Vexilarius, and then to the highest level of development of the banner group - Aquilifer, guardian of the Eagle. As you might guess, not everyone deserves such an honor, because in reenactor circles, any non-ordinary title must be earned. So what is the reason for this trust?

During his time at the club, Alexander has become one of the pillars that keeps the club going. Although sometimes somewhat absent-minded, you can always count on him in the most complex organizational issues and expect support in difficult times. The ability to negotiate does not occupy him, thanks to which new contacts with partners of the "Tenth Legion", masters, recruiting (many underestimate, but it is precisely the fact that people are ready to follow someone that largely determines the success of the Club), running a children's circle Revived history. Alexander was also the head (consul) of the club from 2012 to 2014, and now he is one of the members of the leadership of the Tenth-a senator.

You can talk endlessly about Josephus Alexander Flavius, but the main thing to say is that the Eagle of the Tenth Legion is in good hands!

Linkov Stanislav. Magnus Ahzek Rufus. The story of a sagittarius.

The second person who joined the new "backbone" of the Tenth Legion was Stanislav Linkov, who began his career as a reenactor in 2011. The starting point of this journey was the ancient maneuvers of the "Guardians of Limes". Magnus Rufus on his first encounter with the Tenth Legion:

"One of the founders of the Tenth Legion club, Sergey Evseenkov, brought me to the reconstruction. I met him long before these events, in 2006, when I was still in high school. One of my main hobbies at that time was board games with miniatures of Warhammer, the Lord of the Rings and many other popular "wargames"at that time. And since the playground for my hobby was located right in the school, I often communicated, including with Sergiy, who himself was a regular in this hobby. A little later, the soldier museum was opened, where my works were presented, as well as figures of the Roman army, which did not remain without my attention. Much later, closer to 2011, I saw a video dedicated to the upcoming 20th anniversary of the ancient movement in Russia and was extremely interested in it. The key point to start the reconstruction was the holiday of February 23 – actually the twentieth Anniversary of the movement itself, for which I made a video clip of the holiday itself and the battle on the school grounds. After that, the choice about antiquity itself was made, but a new question appeared: who do I want to become? Sergiy showed me some photos of himself that he took when he went to Germany for the World Festival. There was a picture of Alexander Zimmermann (a friend of Sergius from Germany) in the archer's kit. Then I realized what I wanted to be. In the same year, my first trip to the ancient maneuvers took place."

Having made a non - standard choice for antiquity - instead of the typical stereotypical legionnaire, which the era is most famous for - Stas decided to follow the path of auxiliary infantry - auxilia, namely, to create a Syrian Archer. This caused some difficulties. If at that time the image of the legionnaire was studied, and a decent knowledge base was prepared both about the kit itself and about the equipment, then in the case of the Syrian sagittarius, things were more complicated, since this image had not yet been recreated. And the main problem – it was not enough to collect an archer. It was also necessary to learn how to shoot a bow, which is not as easy as it may seem at first glance. The young Syrian received his first instructions from Alexander Yasonovich, and later, after mastering the basics, he already began to develop his technique himself.

By 2013, Magnus had finished creating his image, and his kit had acquired the characteristic features of a Syrian archer: scaly armor and an elongated dome-shaped helmet. In the same year, he was the head of the Tenth Legion, and in the 2014 season-the second consul (deputy. Manager). Working in tandem with Alexander Bagerman, and then - with Anton Evseenkov, he was able to significantly increase the real activity of the club in the vastness of reconstruction, and, thereby, finally debunk the nickname of the club "Legion-Ghost". In 2014, thanks to such qualities as a sober view of what is happening, reliability and ability to work in a team, he took the senatorial post (one of the leading positions of the club), where he works for the benefit of the club to this day!

"I want to express my gratitude to all the members of the club who participated in my life. And there is no limit to perfection, we will go further! " - Magnus Rufus

And here the story leads us to the current leader of the "Tenth Legion" – Mark Antony of Italy. There is no person who would connect the" old "and" new " history of the club more firmly. The connection with the legion is obvious, such phenomena are often called "son of the regiment". Anthony grew up in a family of reenactors, and was familiar with the club almost from birth. The first festival where as a boy he appeared in a stylized set was "Meetings on Ladoga" in 1998. In the future, difficult life circumstances almost completely knocked him out of the club's activities for more than 10 years. Nevertheless, Antony remained with the Tenth Legion, but only as an observer, having seen both the ups and the resounding downs of the club.

2012 was a new beginning. Participation in the" Dushon maneuvers "can be called a "return" to reconstruction. After that, Anthony began to participate in almost all club events and help in organizing activities. Over the next few years, he received the title of primipil (first centurion of the legion), and in addition to the Roman military direction, he mastered others, periodically performing as a gladiator, barbarian or even pontiff.

Antony on the reasons for his return to the movement:

"I have been watching what is happening with the club for a very long time. But the transition from observation to direct participation in the life of the Tenth Legion was not due to the initial connection with it. On the contrary, what was happening to the club and its individual members strongly discouraged any further actions. The situation began to change after visiting one of the places associated with the history of the Legion - the Jewish fortress of Massada. To say that this is an impressive sight is an understatement. The huge rampart, the stunningly preserved scenery (traces of the Tenth Legion camp were visible) - all this is firmly embedded in my memory. But, nevertheless, this moment did not play the key role. At that time, my friend Stanislav Linkov was just starting to work on reconstruction. These two factors tipped the scales to attend the next event - the 2012 Dushon Maneuvers. After that, the Tenth Legion became for me a second small family of loyal and reliable friends, with many of whom I still go through life on the same path."

Particularly noteworthy is Antony's contribution to the club's internal structure. Since 2014, he was elected head of the Tenth Legion ,after which he dramatically changed the vector of its development, thereby establishing a well-coordinated work of all local divisions and areas of the club.

One of the first things he did when he returned to reconstruction was to create a replacement for the outdated Charter adopted back in the 90s. It became a new "Code", fully describing the internal activities of the "Tenth Legion". This caused a mixed reaction from individual members of the club, and later an incredible leadership election in the style of "Game of Thrones "(it seems that many reenactors love intrigue), where the old and new leaders of the Club clashed. The election results marked the final transformation of the Tenth Legion, which eventually reconciled its old and new beginnings, allowing it to develop further.

This time, we'll talk about another founding member of the Tenth Legion, creating the face of the club. This time it will not be a Roman, but a barbarian – the leader of the barbarian trend, Viridovix.

His career as a reconstructor began long before he met the Tenth Legion, in 1994. Then in Tula there was a squad Fortress and there was a knight club "Iron Rose", which then was re-formed into the club Silver Gryphon. Arkady was engaged in the reconstruction of a medieval warrior, but he was more interested in the idea of reconstructing fencing, which, in general,he did. He went to the first two Kulikovo Field Festivals, where for the first time fate brought him together with members of the Tenth Legion, in particular with Alexander Kostyrei in 1997. But joining the World of Antiquity and the Tenth Legion in particular, happened much later, as Viridovix will tell readers in person.:

"The idea of the ancient world has been interesting to me since school, since I read the book "Spartacus" by Raffaelo Giovagnoli, while doing historical fencing in parallel, I was also engaged in role-playing games, where I formed a team that played Roman soldiers in a whole series of games "Borders of Rome", there were only about 10 games where our small squad (from 5 to 8 people) with scutums and pilums, he could effectively defeat hordes of barbarians. It was interesting for us.

In the end, I saw on the web that there are reenactors of antiquity in Russia and they conduct maneuvers near Moscow on ancient themes. Since I have long been a swordsman on a long-bladed weapon, I chose the direction of reconstruction for myself - an ancient German, romanized slightly, and a long back to the place. Unfortunately, I could not get to the maneuvers with Mattiakian and the next year I came to the festival in Dushenovo. Where I met the guys from the 10th Legion, and they lured me to them!!! Now I'm reconstructing a Celt, hurting Romans with a long sword, and having a lot of fun with my teammates."

Later, Arkady began to actively bring the ancient world to the Tula masses, even organizing local events. Engaged in the development of a barbaric movement within the club. And not only from the point of view of a scientific approach to the reproduction of everyday life and the "kit" itself, but also, importantly, actively contributed to "practical archeology", i.e. testing the work of ancient equipment by experimental means. In a special way, we can note the development of ancient fencing - years of experience have borne fruit in improving the use of a spear and a long sword.

Forward to the future!

A new starting point in the development of the ancient movement was the largest ancient military-historical Festival - Times and Epochs of 2015. It clearly showed that the dark times for our favorite business are over. This scale was implemented for the first time in Russia. And the Tenth Legion once again stood up to its full height, taking steps to conquer new horizons.

The story doesn't end there, of course. Since then, new clubs have been formed. There were many events in the ancient movement that it would be interesting to tell you about. But they are not yet part of history, and many things are still too vivid in our hearts to begin to remember them.

This completes the main part of our cycle. We hope that you liked it, and if something became interesting - it is quite possible that we will return to some points in the form of separate posts. The Tenth Legion is always with you!