Umbon (Latin: umbo "protrusion, bulge") — a metal plate of a hemispherical or conical shape, placed in the middle a shield that protects the warrior's hand from blows. On the inside of the shield, under the umbon, there was often a handle by which the warrior held the shield. Sometimes the umbon had a pointed shape that allowed striking blows with a shield. It also served a decorative function: Celtic shields decorated with several umbons were found.
Umbon shields were widely used from the Bronze Age to the late Middle Ages, as a more expensive and reliable version of a simple wooden shield. The way the shield was held by the handle in the middle significantly affected the tactics of combat: in single fencing, it was possible not only to actively repel the blows of weapons, but also to attack, and when building a pedestrian formation in a row, it became possible to form a dense solid wall of shields.
Umbons were made of iron, bronze and wood.