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Kulter

Евсеенков А.С.

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Culter is a Roman type of household knife. It was made most often of iron, less often of bronze. It could have a wooden, bone, or metal handle. The handle and blades could be decorated with various patterns. On the handle there was often a loop for hanging the tool. The shape of the blade could vary greatly in both shape and size, depending on the purpose.

A Roman knife. Found in Britain. The British Museum. 1st century AD
A set of knives. Roman Britain. London Museum. 1-2 century AD
Roman knives. Vindonissa Museum. AD 14-104

Depending on the functionality for which the knife was created, and its size, it could be called differently:

clunac (u)lum-knife, dagger (for stabbing animals)

crepidarius-shoemaker's knife

falcastrum-sickle-shaped garden knife

falcula - a small sickle or garden knife

falx, falcis-garden knife

novacula-sharp knife

scalprum - cutting tool (cutter, scalpel, gardener's knife, shoemaker's cutter)

secespita-sacrificial knife

Roman bas-relief with knives. 2nd century AD

Knives were used very actively among all peoples in ancient times. The shape, functionality and set of materials changed depending on the culture, for example, in addition to iron, bronze could also be used to make a blade. The blade could have stiffening ribs to improve its strength properties.

The greatest number of different knives found specifically Roman culture. They were used by the civilian population for domestic purposes, and many knives were found on the territory of legionary camps. They were also used for ritual and medical purposes. There were also knives combined with other tools, such as spoons and forks. And also often there were just folding knives.

Roman folding knife. Iron blade, bronze handle. Length 13.97 cm. Found in Vaucluse, Vaison commune, France. British Museum, London. No. 1851.0813.45. 1-2 century AD
Roman folding knife. Iron blade, bronze handle. Length 13.97 cm. Found in Vaucluse, Vaison commune, France. British Museum, London. No. 1851.0813.45. 1-2 century AD
Roman folding knife. Iron blade, bronze handle. Length 13.97 cm. Found in Vaucluse, Vaison commune, France. British Museum, London. No. 1851.0813.45. 1-2 century AD

Related topics

Ancient military campaigns, Spoon, Fork, Calix, Katinum, Full name, Gladius

Gallery

A Roman knife. Roman Britain. London Museum. 1-2 century AD
A Roman knife. Roman Britain. London Museum. 1-2 century AD
A Roman knife. Roman Britain. London Museum. 1-2 century AD
A Roman knife. Roman Britain. Museum of Ontario. 1st century AD
A Roman knife. Roman Britain. Museum of Ontario. 1st century AD
A Roman knife. Roman Britain. The British Museum. 2nd century AD
A Roman knife. Roman Britain. London Museum. 1-2 century AD
A Roman knife. Roman Britain. London Museum. 1-2 century AD
Roman bronze knife with a ram's head. Stored in the MMoA. 1st century AD
Roman knives. Vindonissa Museum. Image for postcards. AD 14-104
A Roman knife. Roman Britain. Museum of Ontario. 1st century AD
A Roman knife. Roman Britain. Museum of Ontario. 1st century AD