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A diadem (Greek: Διάδημα from the Greek word diadeo, meaning "to bind" or "to fasten") is a headdress in the form of a crown, usually made of precious metals and stones. A tiara that does not form a ring is called a tiara.

Head ornaments in the form of hoops, similar to tiaras, have been known since ancient times. The tiara is a kind of crown and has been used as a male status decoration since ancient times. In Egypt, during the Ancient Kingdom, the golden diadem-crown, called seshed, was an attribute of the pharaohs starting with Pharaoh Snefru.

However, the decoration, first called the diadem, appeared in Ancient Greece-initially in the form of a priestly head band. According to the researchers, the ancient Greek diadems served as a symbol of the transition of a person to the world of the dead. Another prototype of the modern tiara is the laurel wreath. The wreath, which was a symbol of glory and triumph in ancient Greece and Rome, could be made of gold.

Roman matron Antonia the Younger as Juno. Rome, 1st century A.D. Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts
Greek diadem, 3rd century BC
Greek diadem from the tomb at Madithos. 330-300 BC

Related topics

Women in Ancient Greece, Women in Ancient Rome, Earrings, Rings, Necklace


Golden tiara with floral decoration. Greece. 4th century BC
Greek golden diadem. 3-2 century BC
Greek golden diadem. 3-2 century BC
Greek golden diadem. 3-2 century BC