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A cassidile (Latin: cassidile) is an ancient Roman bag or pouch used by legionaries, primarily during military campaigns. It was presumably used to store personal belongings and a spare set of clothing. The cassidile was made of leather for protection against moisture or fabric materials. To enhance its waterproof properties, it was likely treated with wax, fat, or oil.

Legionnaires with cassidils. Trajan's column. Early 2nd century AD


For reconstruction purposes, a leather version of the cassidile is preferable as it is easier to work with and provides better protection against moisture. Rain and adverse weather conditions pose the main threat to the items stored inside, making waterproofing particularly important for the spare set of clothing (tunic/cloak/socks), for example. It is recommended to include multiple fastenings for the opening and ensure a secure mechanism for tying the bag.

Cassidil (thing-bag), a reconstruction made of leather. Filled up.
Cassidil (thing-bag), a reconstruction made of leather. Empty.

Related topics

Ancient military campaigns, Loculus, Wallet, Furca, Tunic, Penula, Socks