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Roman Legion - Legio I Adiutrix

Багерман А.Я.

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Legio I Adiutrix (First Auxiliary Legion — - Roman legion of the Imperial era.

Date of creation: 68 AD Lasted until the middle of the fifth century.

Symbol: capricorn, but the winged horse (pegasus) was also used. The epithet Adiutrix stands for auxiliary troops.

Battle Path

The Legion was created in 68, as evidenced by the found military diploma of this (68) year, which mentions the 1st Auxiliary Legion. Name “Auxiliary " shows us the fact that it was created at a difficult time to help the existing troops.

There are 3 versions of creating a legion:

1) A number of historians believe that the legion was created from the sailors of the Miseno Fleet (modern Miseno, Italy) shortly before its death by the Emperor Nero. The Misenian Fleet is the 1st largest and most important of the naval forces of the Roman Empire. Created by Octavian Augustus ca. 27 BC and was based in Misenum. It lasted until the fourth century. His task was to defend the West Coast of Italy and control the Western Mediterranean. The fleet was not manned by Roman citizens (until the edict of the Emperor Caracalla).

2) Other historians believe that the legion was created already under the Emperor Galba (June 68 - January 69).

3) The Legion began to form under the Emperor Nero, and finished its formation, and was awarded the eagle, already Emperor Galba.

-Under the Emperor Hadrian (117-138), the legion was again returned to Brigazion.

A tile fragment with the stamp of the I Auxiliary Legion. 1st century AD
Bronze plate with the text Deo Invicto / Ulpius Sabinus / miles legio / nis primae / (A) diutricis "To the invincible god Ulpius Sabinus, soldier of the I Auxiliary Legion". 1-2 century AD
Denarius of Septimius Severus with reference to the I Auxiliary Legion, 193 AD.

Related topics

Legion, Legionnaire

Literature