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List of Roman legions

Евсеенков А.С.

This article presents a list of legions, the main period of activity of which fell during the end of the Republic and the beginning of the Empire.

Unlike the republican era, during the principate, legions were not stationed in Italy itself, where the praetorian guard operated. They were mainly located on the borders of the empire to conduct both defensive and offensive military operations against invasions from outside, as well as to suppress rebellions.

Legions could receive names-titles, reflecting their merits, place of formation/service or their creator. At the same time, several legions with the same serial number could exist. This phenomenon is especially often encountered during civil wars.

Map with the location of the legions in 125 AD.

Legio I Adiutrix

Legio I Germanica

Legio I Italica

Legio II Adiutrix

Legio II Herculia

Legio II Traiana Fortis

Legio II Augusta

Legio III Augusta

Legio III Cyrenaica

Legio IIII Flavia Felix

Legio IIII Macedonica

Legio V Alaudae

Legio V Macedonica

Legio VI Ferrata

Legio VI Victrix

Legio VIII Augusta

Legio IX Hispana

Legio X Fretensis

Legio X Gemina

Legio XI Claudia

Legio XII Fulminata

Legio XIII Gemina Pia Fidelis

Legio XIIII Gemina Martia Victrix

Legio XV Apollinaris

Legio XVI Flavia Firma

Legio XVI Gallica

Legio XVII


Legio XIX

Legio XX Valeria Victrix

Legio XXI Rapax

Legio XXII Deiotariana

Legio XXII Primigenia

Legio XXX Ulpia Victrix

Related topics

Roman Republic, The Roman Empire, Legion, Legionnaire