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List of Roman legions

Евсеенков А.С.

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This article presents a list of legions whose main period of operation was during the end of the Republic and the beginning of the Republic.Empires.

Unlike in Republican times, under the Principate, legions were not stationed in Italy itself, where the Praetorian Guard operated. They were mainly stationed on the borders of the empire to conduct both defensive and offensive combat operations against external invasions, as well as to suppress uprisings.

Legions could receive names-titles that reflect their merits, place of formation/service, or their creator. At the same time, there could be several legions with the same ordinal number. This phenomenon is particularly common in civil wars.

Map with the location of the legions in 125 AD.

Legio I Adiutrix

Legio I Germanica

Legio I Italica

Legio II Adiutrix

Legio II Herculia

Legio II Traiana Fortis

Legio II Augusta

Legio III Augusta

Legio III Cyrenaica

Legio IIII Flavia Felix

Legio IIII Macedonica

Legio V Alaudae

Legio V Macedonica

Legio VI Ferrata

Legio VI Victrix

Legio VIII Augusta

Legio IX Hispana

Legio X Fretensis

Legio X Gemina

Legio XI Claudia

Legio XII Fulminata

Legio XIII Gemina Pia Fidelis

Legio XIIII Gemina Martia Victrix

Legio XV Apollinaris

Legio XVI Flavia Firma

Legio XVI Gallica

Legio XVII

Legio XVIII

Legio XIX

Legio XX Valeria Victrix

Legio XXI Rapax

Legio XXII Deiotariana

Legio XXII Primigenia

Legio XXX Ulpia Victrix

Related topics

Roman Republic, The Roman Empire, Legion, Legionnaire