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Roman Legion - Legio XIII Gemina Pia Fidelis

Багерман А.Я.

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Legio XIII Gemina Pia Fidelis (The Thirteenth Paired Legion) was a Roman legion formed by Gaius Julius Caesar or Augustus during the Republic.

Date of creation: 57 BC

The Legion lasted until the beginning of the fifth century.

Symbol: Lion

There are two theories for creating this legion:

1) The legion was created by Caesar in 57 BC to participate in the Galic War (58-50 BC), and received its cognomen Gemina " Paired” under Octavian, who restored the legion in 41 BC and gathered soldiers from various legions of Caesar under its banners.

2) The Legion was created by Octavian in 6 BC to participate in the war in Panonia and when created immediately received its cognomen Gemina " Paired” as it was created from soldiers of this and the unknown legion combined with it. This theory was supported by the famous German historian of the XIX century T. Mommsen. But this theory is refuted by the report of the Roman historian Titus Livy, according to which it was the soldiers of the Legio XIII Gemina who accompanied Caesar during his famous crossing of the Rubicon River (the border between Rome and Gaul) in 49 BC.

Battle Path

Part of the inscription in the wall of Vindobona, mentioning the name of the centurion and his legion Leg. XIII Gem. RÖmermuseum in Vienna (Austria). Circa AD 84-114.
Tombstone of legionnaire Urwin of the XIII Twin Legion. Mainz City Museum, Germany. 9-16 AD
Tombstone. Baalbek – Palmyra. Syria-Temple Of Jupiter, Large Courtyard, Chaldea. 1st century AD

Construction tiles with the legion stamp. Private collection. 1st century AD

Related topics

Legion, Legionnaire

Literature

1. Dandelot-Collins. Legions of Rome

2. R. Kanya. A brief history of the various legions.

3. A. S. Hall, "Two Veterans of the XIII Gemini in Iconium", in: S. Mitchell (eds.), Armies and Borders in Roman and Byzantine Anatolia (1983) 35-40

4. JK Haalebos, "Römische Truppen in Nijmegen", in: Yann Le Boheck, Legion of Rome and Empire (2000 Lyon) 465-489

5. I. Piso, "Legends of the Province of the Province of Dacia", in: Jan Le Bogec, Legion of Rome, Empire of the Upper (2000 Lyon) 205-225

6. K. Wolf, "La legio XIII Gemina au Ier siècle", in: Yann Le Bohec, " The Legion of Rome and the Upper Empire "(2000 Lyon) 203-204