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Roman Legion - Legio I Italica

Багерман А.Я., Евсеенков А.С.

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Legio I Italica (First Italian Legion) is a Roman legion that was created in September 66 or 67 by Emperor Nero (reigned 54-68 AD) to participate in the emperor's future campaign to Armenia and other eastern lands.

Legion name: Legio I Italica (First Italian Legion)

Dates of existence: from September 66/67 AD to the middle of the 5th century, after which it was transformed into comitates.

Logo: wild boar, bull

Nickname: Antoniniana (Antoninov);. Lat. Severiana( Sever); Lat. Gordiana( Gordianov); Lat. Pia Fidelis (Loyal and loyal).

Battle Path

Ruins of the camp of the I Italian Legion in Novae
Tile with the seal of the I Italian Legion
An altar dedicated to the Liber Pater by the first Italian Legion. Svishtov City Museum, Bulgaria. I century AD

Road inscription of the Aurelian era. Qasr al-Azraq. A.D. 273
Altar dedicated to Apollo by the Legion of the First Italians. Svishtov City Museum, Bulgaria. 1st century AD

Denarius of the Emperor Septimius Severus with a reference to the First Italian Legion. II century AD

Silver coin of the Emperor Gallienus with the mention of the I Italian Legion. II century AD

Related topics

List of Roman Legions, The Roman Empire, Legion, Legionnaires, Legio XI Claudia, Komitatens, Marcus Ulpius Nerva Trajan


1. Kanya River. A brief history of the various Roman legions.

2. Emil Ritterling. Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft. Legio (I Italica). Band XII,2. — Stuttgart, 1925. — 1407—1417 p.

3. Julian Bennett. Trajan. Optimus Princeps. — Routledge, 1997.

4. Gabriele Wesch-Klein. Soziale Aspekte des römischen Heerwesens in der Kaiserzeit. — Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1998.

5. Marietta Horster. Novae. In: Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde (RGA). 2. Auflage. Band 21. — Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2002.

6. M. Absil, "Legion I Italica", in: Yann Le Boek, Les legions de Rome sous le Haut-Empire (2000, Lyon) 228-238.

7. A. B. Bernatsky and N. Sharankov, "A hitherto unknown aspect of the military activities of the Italian Legion I in the light of the recently discovered pedestal with a Greek inscription from Nova" in Archaeologia Bulgarica 22/3 (2018) 1-19.

8. MP Speidel and J. Reynolds, " Veteran of the Legio I Parthica of Carian Aphrodisias ", in Epigraphica Anatolica 5 (1985) 31-35.