Lorica is a common name for the armor that protected the torso. In a broader sense — any means of protection. For example, a lorica could be called a wall, fortifications, or hedge. Lorics were actively used in the Roman army, and not only ordinary legionaries, but also officers — centurions, legates, etc. Depending on the period of Roman history and the rank of an officer, the type of armor could vary greatly. The following varieties of lorik are known:
- Lorica hamata -chain armor, sometimes with additional protection in the form of shoulder pads.
- Lorica segmentata -armor made of large (laminar) plates of elongated shape running across the body.
- Lorica musculata -anatomical metal armor, like a cuirass.
- Lorica squamata — armor made of plates in the form of fish scales, sewn on top of a fabric base.
- Lorica plumata -scaled armor with plates in the form of bird feathers, sewn on top of chain mail.
- Lorica lintea -linen armor.
Lorica lintea, Lorica musculata, Lorica plumata, Lorica segmentata, Lorica squamata, Lorica hamata, Legionnaire, Centurion, Legate