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Lorica lintea

Евсеенков А.С.

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Lorica lintea — ancient Roman armor consisting of several layers of specially processed dense linen fabric, similar to the ancient Greek linothorax. The expression lorica lintea is related to the Latin linum ("flax") and literally means "linen shell".

Armor like Lorica lintea was made from 2-3 layers of linen cloth, which was boiled in a saline solution with vinegar. Digestion gave the armor the necessary hardness and deprived it of flexibility. Little is known about the lorica lintea in Ancient Rome; it is assumed that it could have been used by Latin Hoplites and Velites during the time of Kings and Republics. During the time of the Empire, this armor was practically not used, only two images of fighters have been preserved, presumably in the lorica Lintei-a praetorian and a centurion, both dated to the first century. However, it is not easy to distinguish linthea from linothorax, most likely linthea is a linothorax made and named in the Roman manner.

Tombstone of Centurion Marcus Favonius Facilis of the XX (Valeria Victrix) Valerian Victorious Legion. Colchester. Colchester and Essex Museum. 1st century AD (43-50 AD)
Praetorian Guard, fresco from the Golden House of Nero. 64-68 AD

Related topics

Lorica, Linothorax, Hoplite, Centurion, The Praetorian Guard