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Legate

Евсеенков А.С.

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Legatus, legare — "prescribe, appoint, delegate") — a type of senior officer in the Roman army, the commander-in-chief of the legion. Initially, this was the name of Roman envoys sent to other states and tribes, and acted as diplomats there.

In addition to the legates, there were other senior officers who performed similar functions and were responsible for the strategic and tactical combat actions taken by the legion on the battlefield. If we draw analogies with the modern army, their functions were similar to those of modern generals, and unlike middle-and junior-level officers, they themselves no longer participated in combat on the battlefield.

Senior officers:

Hierarchy diagram within the Legion

Equipment

Senior officers, with the exception of the camp prefect, had similar equipment, very different from that of ordinary soldiers and junior / middle officers. As an example, we can take the statue of Marcus Golconius Rufus, which was found at the intersection of the two main streets of Pompeii - Abbondanza, which runs through the city from east to west, and Stabius Cardo Street. Marcus Holconius held important public offices in Pompeii, serving as a priest of Augustus (sacerdos Caesaris Augusti). A lot of inscriptions related to him can be used to reconstruct his career. He was a military tribune, five times a duumvir with judicial powers (duovir iure dicundo), twice a duumvir re - elected every five years (duovir lure dicundo), and patron of the colony (patronis colonia-the highest municipal military position). The statue depicts him as a senior officer.

Mark Golconius Rufus of Pompeii. National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Inv. no. 6233. First half of the 1st century.
Mark Golconius Rufus of Pompeii. National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Inv. no. 6233. First half of the 1st century.
Mark Golconius Rufus of Pompeii. National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Inv. no. 6233. First half of the 1st century.

As with most similar statues, the statue of Marcus Holconius Rufus features the following items of equipment::

It is also assumed that senior officers may have worn a special type of helmet decorated with longitudinal ridges.

The helmet of a legate, praetorian guard, or horseman. German National Museum. 2nd century AD
Legate, reconstruction

Related topics

Legion, Centurion, Legion Banner Group, Lorica Musculata, Paludamentum, Tunic, Calcei, Parasonium

Literature

Legates, among the Romans // Encyclopedia of Brockhaus and Efron : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additions). - St. Petersburg, 1890-1907.

Gallery

Fragment of the legate's statue. Marble. Archaeological Museum of Ancient Corinth. Inv. no. S-1081. 125-150 AD

Statue of Marcus Goconius Rufus

Mark Golconius Rufus of Pompeii. National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Inv. no. 6233. First half of the 1st century.
Mark Golconius Rufus of Pompeii. National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Inv. no. 6233. First half of the 1st century.
Mark Golconius Rufus of Pompeii. National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Inv. no. 6233. First half of the 1st century.
Mark Golconius Rufus of Pompeii. National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Inv. no. 6233. First half of the 1st century.
Mark Golconius Rufus of Pompeii. National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Inv. no. 6233. First half of the 1st century.
Mark Golconius Rufus of Pompeii. National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Inv. no. 6233. First half of the 1st century.
Mark Golconius Rufus of Pompeii. National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Inv. no. 6233. First half of the 1st century.
Mark Golconius Rufus of Pompeii. National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Inv. no. 6233. First half of the 1st century.
Mark Golconius Rufus of Pompeii. National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Inv. no. 6233. First half of the 1st century.
Mark Golconius Rufus of Pompeii. National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Inv. no. 6233. First half of the 1st century.
Mark Golconius Rufus of Pompeii. National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Inv. no. 6233. First half of the 1st century.
Mark Golconius Rufus of Pompeii. National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Inv. no. 6233. First half of the 1st century.