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Gladiatrix

Евсеенков А.С.

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Gladiatrix (Lat. gladiatrix) - the name of women who performed as gladiators in ancient Rome. It should be borne in mind that the Romans did not have a specific word for a female gladiator. Gladiatrix, gladiator, or gladiatrix are modern terms that refer to a female gladiator. Also, gladiatris did not have any special equipment – it completely coincided with the male one, and depended on the type of gladiator to which the warrior belonged.

History of the development of women's gladiator fights:

A duel between two gladiatrix players-Amazon and Achillia. British Museum. Inv. no. 1847.0424.19. 1-2 century AD
Reproduction from an original mosaic made under Antoninus Pius of the Castra Pretoria in Rome. Stored in the Colosseum. Mid-2nd century AD
Bronze statuette of a female gladiator. Museen Für Kunst und Gewerbe, Гамбург. Germany. 1st century AD

Sources

In addition to written references to gladiatrix in the legislative framework of ancient Rome, there are also literary sources:

"On the defeat of the lion in the vast valley of Nemea,

Rumor sang about the Herculean feat of old.

Let the old story be silent: the same miracle,

Caesar, you have now given a woman's hand a chance..."

"She would like to participate in the trumpet games at the Flora Festival;

Instead, isn't it aiming for a real arena?

How can such a woman in a helmet have any shame,

Loving the force, defying her gender? However, by a man

She wouldn't want to become one: after all, we have little pleasure.

You'll be honored when your wife starts a sale:

Baldric there, sultan, handcuff, half-boots

From the left foot; what happiness when a young spouse

Sell your knee pad by starting other battles!

These same women can also feel hot in a thin cape..."

A lot of data has been obtained through archaeological excavations. The study of ancient inscriptions suggests that there were women among the gladiators. In particular, on the territory of Roman Britain, which was part of the Roman Empire, two burials were discovered that could have belonged to female gladiators.:

Battle of gladiatriss, reconstruction
Gladiatrix, reconstruction
Gladiatrix, reconstruction

Related topics

Gladiator, Equits, Bestiary, Murmillon, Thracian, The Amazons

Literature

Gallery

Statuette with two wrestling gladiators. Found during excavations in Izmir. The British Museum. Late 1st century BC
An oil lamp depicting a gladiator fight. The fighter on the right is a woman. Found in the sanctuary of Demeter in Cnidos. The British Museum. 2nd century AD
Statue of the Amazon. Roman copy from the original Greek. Capitoline Museum, Italy. The original is from the 5th century BC.
Bronze statuette of a female gladiator. Museen Für Kunst und Gewerbe, Гамбург. Germany. 1st century AD
The fallen gladiatrix. An oil lamp from the gladiatrix female burial site in London. 1-2 century AD
A duel between two gladiators-Amazon and Achillia. British Museum. Inv. no. 1847.0424.19. 1-2 century AD
Image of the gladiatress battle. Römisch Germanisches Museum. 1-2 century AD
An Amazon wearing a helmet and carrying a shield with the head of Medusa Gorgon on it. State Historical Museum of Berlin. 510-500 BC