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Евсеенков А.С.

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In the ancient world, headdresses were common, mostly made of cloth (felt wool) and straw, sometimes made of leather. They were worn by both men and women of all the peoples that existed at that time - Celts, Romans, Greeks, Dacians, Parthians, etc. Everywhere there were their own peculiarities, often hats repeated the shape of helmets. Perhaps some of the caps found by archaeologists were used as balaclavas.

Hats saved their owner from heat and cold, protected them in battle, and were also a fashion accessory.

Among the found headdresses of the Greco-Roman culture, several types can be distinguished:

Mosaic from the House of Orpheus. Pafos, Archaeological Park. 2-3 century AD
Image from an Etruscan burial urn. 2nd century BC
Ancient Greek wearing a headdress. Found in Apulia. Kept in the Louvre Museum, France. 4th century BC

Archaeological sources have come down to us much more than pictorial ones. A lot of headdresses are found in Egypt, most of them are made of wool.

Liner. Mons Claudianus. 100-120 AD
Segmental headdress from Mons Claudianus. 100-120 AD
Hat made of Didymoi with cheek pads. Egypt. 1st century AD

Also, headdresses can include wreaths and tiaras, which served as a status decoration.

Related topics

Liner, Celtic headwear, Men in Ancient Greece, Men in Ancient Rome, Women in Ancient Greece, Women in Ancient Rome, Crown


Fragment of a Greek painting of dishes with a woman in a headdress. 6th-5th century BC
Hermes in petas. Image on a black and red Attic vase. 480-470 BC
Coin with Demetrius II Seleucid in Kaussia. 2nd century BC
Agios Athanasios (a village 20 km west of Thessaloniki). Late 4th century BC
Agios Athanasios (a village 20 km west of Thessaloniki). Late 4th century BC
Terracotta figurine of a peasant with a hat. Louvre Museum, France. 1st century BC