Auxilia (Latin auxilia) - a soldier of the auxiliary unit of the ancient Roman army, recruited from non-citizens of Rome: from vassal and allied peoples, as well as from foreign mercenaries. One of the most common types of auxiliary troops was the spearmen, armed with gasta and clypeus.
Auxiliaries, in addition to spearmen, were several types-light cavalry, archers, skirmishers. All of them were united primarily by their ancestral origin. Unlike the legionnaires, they were recruited from the peoples subject to Rome, did not have Roman citizenship and, as a result, could not enjoy the rights of Roman citizens. Recruitment took place partly by hiring, partly by compulsory recruitment from dependent peoples. These warriors were not part of the regular legions, but formed separate auxiliaries , the number and organization of which could vary quite a lot. The term of service, at the end of which the auxiliary could receive the rights of a Roman citizen, reached 25 years. Units of auxiliary troops were replenished, as a rule, in the provinces where they were stationed. Quite a lot is known about auxiliaries. A large number of both visual and written sources have been preserved.
The equipment of an auxiliary spearman for the period of 1-2 centuries AD could consist of the following elements::
Fabric / Leather products:
Protective equipment items based on metal:
Not all items of equipment were used everywhere. For example, according to pictorial sources, auxiliaries often fought without armor. In addition, auxiliaries could be armed with metal gasts and perform the role of skirmishers.
If we consider the most traditional image of an auxilary spearman, then we should focus on the simplest models of helmets; lorica hamata is best suited as armor . The main differences between the periods will be in the helmet, gladius and pugio, the choice of which should be approached very carefully.
Auxilia, Penula, Sagum, Focale, Subarmalis, Tunic, Marriages, Subligaculum, Kaligi, Calcei, Lorica squamata, Lorica hamata, Cingulum, Gasta, Gladius, Full name, Clipeus, Fibula, Liner, Socks, Legion, Legionnaire
Military Encyclopedia // Edited by V. F. Novitsky et al., St. Petersburg: I. V. Sytin Publishing House, 1911-1915, vol. 3.